Content-out Layout – A List Apart

 

article layout

Free Online Designer Templates for print and digital newspapers. Layouts / 9 Jul 15 Tips for Creating a Great Website Footer. One of the most important locations on your website is the footer. Yes, seriously. It may not be the area of the greatest design or most impressive content but it is a place where users frequently look for information. LOAP 1/1/10 Newspaper Article Format A typical newspaper article contains five (5) parts: Headline: This is a short, attention-getting statement about the event. Byline: This tells who wrote the story. Lead paragraph: This has ALL of the who, what, when, where, why and how in it.


Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Layout - Wikipedia


Page layout is the part of graphic design that deals in the arrangement of visual elements on a page. It generally involves organizational principles of composition to achieve specific communication objectives. The high-level page layout involves deciding on the overall arrangement of text and images, and possibly on the size or shape of the medium. It requires intelligence, sentience, and creativity, article layout, and is informed by culture, psychology, and what the document authors and editors wish to communicate and emphasize, article layout.

Low-level pagination and typesetting are more mechanical processes. Given certain parameters - boundaries of text areas, the typeface, font size, and justification preference can be done in a straightforward article layout. Until desktop publishing became dominant, these processes were still done by people, but in modern publishing they are almost always automated.

The result might be published as-is as for a residential phone book interior or might be tweaked by a graphic designer as for a highly polished, expensive publication. Beginning from early illuminated pages in hand-copied books of the Middle Ages and proceeding down to intricate modern magazine and catalog layouts, proper page design has long been a consideration in printed material. With manuscriptsall of the elements are added by hand, so the creator can determine the layout directly as they create the work, perhaps with an advance sketch as a guide.

With ancient woodblock printingall elements of the page were carved directly into wood, though later layout decisions might need to be made if the printing was transferred onto a larger work, such as a large piece of fabric, potentially with multiple block impressions. With the Renaissance invention of letterpress printing and cold-metal moveable typetypesetting was accomplished by physically assembling characters using article layout composing stick into a galley—a long tray.

Any images would be created by engraving. The original document would be a hand-written manuscript; if the typesetting was performed by someone other than the layout artist, markup would be added to the manuscript with instructions as to typeface, font size, and so on. Even after authors began to use typewriters in the s, originals were still called "manuscripts" and the markup process was the same.

After the first round of typesetting, a galley proof might be printed in order for proofreading to be performed, either to correct errors in the original, or to make sure that the typesetter had copied the manuscript properly, and correctly interpreted the markup. The final layout would be constructed in a "form" or "forme" using pieces of wood or metal " furniture " to space out the text and images as desired, a frame known as a chaseand objects which article layout down the frame known as quoins.

This process is called impositionand potentially includes arranging multiple pages to be printed on the same sheet of paper article layout will later be folded and possibly trimmed.

An "imposition proof" essentially a short run of the press might be created to check the final placement. The invention of hot metal typesetting in sped up the typesetting process by allowing workers to produce slugs —entire lines of text—using a keyboard, article layout.

The slugs were the result of molten metal being poured into molds temporarily assembled by the typesetting machine. The layout process remained the same as with cold metal type, however: assembly into physical galleys.

Offset lithography allows the bright and dark areas of an image at first captured on film to control ink placement on the printing press. This means that if a single copy of the page can be created on paper and photographed, then any number of copies could be printed. Type could be set with a typewriteror to achieve professional results comparable to letterpress, a specialized typesetting machine. The IBM Selectric Composerfor example, could produce type of different size, different fonts including proportional fontsand with text justification.

With photoengraving and halftonephysical photographs could be transferred into article layout directly, rather than relying on hand-made engravings. The layout process then became the task of creating the paste upso named because rubber cement or other adhesive would be used to physically paste images and article layout of text onto a rigid sheet of paper.

Completed pages become known as camera-ready"mechanical" or "mechanical art". Phototypesetting was invented in ; after keyboard input, characters were shot one-by-one onto a photographic negative, article layout, which could then be sent to the print shop directly, or shot onto photographic paper for paste-up.

These machines became increasingly sophisticated, article layout, with computer-driven models able to store text on magnetic tape. As the graphics capabilities of computers matured, they began to be used to render characters, columns, pages, and even multi-page signatures directly, rather than simply summoning a photographic template from a pre-supplied set.

In addition to being used as display devices for computer operators, cathode ray tubes were used to render text for phototypesetting. The curved nature of the CRT display however, led to distortions article layout text and art on the screen towards the outer edges of the screens. As of flat panel displays have almost completely replaced CRT displays. Article layout attached directly to computers allowed them to print documents article layout, in multiple copies article layout as an original which could be copied on a ditto machine or photocopier, article layout.

WYSIWYG word processors made it possible for general office users and consumers to make more sophisticated page layouts, use text justification, and use more fonts than were possible with typewriters. Early dot matrix printing was sufficient for office documents, but was of too low a quality for professional typesetting, article layout. Inkjet printing and laser printing did produce sufficient quality type, and so computers with these types of printers quickly replaced phototypesetting machines, article layout.

With modern desktop article layout software such as flagship software Adobe Indesign article layout and cloud-based Lucidpress[4] the layout process can occur entirely on-screen.

Similar layout options that would be available to a professional print shop making a paste-up are supported by desktop publishing software; in contrast, "word processing" software usually has a much more limited set of layout and typography choices available, trading off flexibility for ease of use for more common applications. A finished document can be article layout printed as the camera-ready version, with no physical assembly required given a big enough printer.

Greyscale images must be either half toned digitally if being sent to an offset press, article layout, or sent separately for the print shop to insert into marked areas. Completed works can also be transmitted article layout to the print shop, who may print it themselves, shoot it directly to film, article layout, or use computer to plate technology to skip the physical original entirely. Since the advent of personal computingpage layout skills have expanded to electronic media as well as print media.

E-booksPDF documents, article layout, and static article layout pages mirror paper article layout relatively closely, but computers can also add multimedia animation, article layout, and interactivity. Page layout for interactive media overlaps with interface design and user experience design; an interactive "page" is better known as a graphical user interface GUI. Modern web pages are typically produced using HTML for content and general structure, article layout, cascading style sheets article layout control presentation details such as typography and spacing, and JavaScript for interactivity.

Additional technologies such as Macromedia Flash may be used for multimedia content. Web developers are responsible for actually creating a finished document using these technologies, but a separate web designer may be responsible for establishing the layout.

A given web designer might be a fluent web developer as well, or may merely be familiar with the general capabilities of the technologies and merely visualize the desired result for the development team. Projected slides used in presentations or entertainment often have similar layout considerations to printed pages.

The magic lantern and article layout projector were used during lectures in the s, article layout printed, typed, photographed, or hand-drawn originals. Two sets of photographic film one negative and one positive or one reversal film can be used to create positive images that can be projected with light passing through.

Intertitles were used extensively in the earliest motion pictures when sound was not available; they are still used occasionally in addition to the ubiquitous vanity cards and credits. It became popular to use transparent film for presentations with opaque text and images using overhead projectors in the s, and slide projectors in the s.

Transparencies for overhead projectors could be printed by some photocopiers. Computer presentation programs became available in the s, making it possible to lay out a presentation digitally, article layout. Computer-developed presentations could be printed to a transparency with some laser printers, article layout, transferred to slides, or projected directly using LCD overhead projectors, article layout.

Modern presentations are often displayed digitally using a video projectorcomputer monitoror large-screen television. Laying out a presentation presents slightly different challenges than a print document, especially because a person will typically be speaking and referring to the projected pages. Consideration might be given to:. Grids and templates are page layout design patterns used in advertising campaigns and multiple-page publications, including websites.

A page layout may or may not stay within those guidelines, depending on how much repetition or variety the design style in the series calls for. Grids are meant to be flexible. Using a grid to lay out elements on the page may require just as much or more graphic design skill than that which was required to design the grid, article layout.

In article layout, a template is more rigid. Using a template to lay out elements usually involves less graphic design skill than that which was required to design the template. Templates are used for minimal modification of background elements and frequent modification article layout swapping of foreground content. Most desktop publishing software allows for grids in the form of a page filled with coloured lines or dots placed at a specified equal horizontal and article layout distance apart.

Automatic margins and booklet spine gutter lines may be specified for global use throughout the document. Multiple additional horizontal and vertical lines may be placed at any point on the page. Software templates are achieved by article layout a template data file, or with master page features in a multiple-page document. Master pages may include both grid elements and template elements such as header and footer elements, article layout, automatic page numbering, and automatic table of contents features.

Static layouts allow for more control over the aestheticsand thorough optimization of space around and overlapping irregular-shaped content than dynamic layouts, article layout. In web designthis is sometimes referred to as a fixed width article layout but the entire layout may be scalable in article layout while still maintaining the original proportions, article layout, static placement, and style of the content, article layout.

All raster image formats are static layouts in effect; but a static layout may include searchable article layout by separating the text from the graphics. In contrast, electronic pages allow for dynamic layouts with swapping content, personalization of styles, text scaling, image scalingor reflowable content with variable page sizes often referred to as fluid or liquid layout. Dynamic layouts are more likely to separate presentation from contentwhich comes with its own advantages.

A dynamic layout lays out all text and images into rectangular areas of rows and columns. As these areas' widths and heights are defined to be percentages of the available screen, they are responsive to varying screen dimensions. They'll automatically ensure maximized use of available space while always staying adapted optimally both on screen resizes and hardware-given restrictions. Text may freely be resized to provide users' individual needs on legibility while never disturbing a given layout's proportions.

The content's overall arrangement on screen this way may always remain as it was originally designed. Static layout design may involve more graphic design and visual art skills, whereas dynamic layout design may involve more interactive design and content management skills to thoroughly article layout content variation.

Motion graphics don't fit neatly into either category, but may involve layout skills or careful consideration of how the motion may affect the layout. In either case, article layout, the element of motion makes it a dynamic layout, but one that article layout motion graphic design more than static graphic design or interactive design.

Electronic pages may utilize both static and dynamic layout features by dividing the pages or by combining the effects. For example, a section of the page such as a web banner may contain static or motion graphics contained within a swapping content area. Dynamic or live text may be wrapped around irregular shaped images by using invisible spacers to push article layout text away from the edges.

Some computer algorithms can detect the edges of an object that contain transparency and flow content around contours. With modern media content retrieval and output technology, there is much overlap between visual communications front-end and information technology back-end. Large print publications thick books, especially instructional in nature and electronic pages web pages require meta data for automatic indexing, automatic reformatting, database publishing, dynamic page display and end-user interactivity.

Much of the meta data meta tags must be hand coded or specified during the page layout process. More complex projects may require two separate designs: page layout design as the front-endand function coding as the article layout. In this case, the front-end may be designed using an alternative page layout technology such as image editing software or on paper with hand rendering methods, article layout.

Interface design and database publishing may involve more technical knowledge or collaboration with information technology engineering in the front-end, article layout. Sometimes, a function on the back-end is to automate the retrieval and arrangement of content on the article layout. Page layout might be prescribed to a greater or lesser degree by a house style which might be implemented in a specific desktop publishing template.

 

How to Write an Article Review (with Sample Reviews) - wikiHow

 

article layout

 

This guide presents the typical layout of Wikipedia articles, which includes the sections an article usually has, ordering of sections, and formatting styles for various elements of an article. For advice on the use of wiki markup, see Help:Editing; and for guidance on writing style, see Manual of Style. Dec 08,  · How to Write an Article Review. An article review is both a summary and an evaluation of another writer's article. Teachers often assign article reviews to introduce students to the work of experts in the field. Experts also are often 87%(). LOAP 1/1/10 Newspaper Article Format A typical newspaper article contains five (5) parts: Headline: This is a short, attention-getting statement about the event. Byline: This tells who wrote the story. Lead paragraph: This has ALL of the who, what, when, where, why and how in it.