Is School Violence on the Rise—and Is Restorative Justice Actually Working? - The Atlantic


articles on school violence

Over the past several decades, increasing attention and concern has been given to incidents of school violence and the prevention measures utilized by schools. Surveys from the National Center for Education Statistics () revealed that, in , approximately 37 out of 1, students ages experienced violent victimization at school, and in , 18 percent of high school students in. Jun 28,  · Despite the concerns expressed by parents like those in the lawsuit, many experts say that the incidence of school violence is dropping. New York City school officials contend that violence on Author: Sascha Brodsky. The number of teachers who say they've been physically attacked by students is the highest Allie Bidwell.

School violence - Wikipedia

There was approximately one homicide or suicide of a school-age youth at school per 2. Many schools have implemented strategies to eliminate or mitigate the damage and loss of life in possible future attacks; these range from improving mental health care and implementing violence prevention curriculum to enhanced security and communication protocols. But it is unclear if school shootings can be sufficiently distinguished and defined from other violence in America.

Hype and exaggeration may distract from formulating effective school policies, articles on school violence, some commentators believe, even as horrifying incidents such as the school shootings in Littleton, Colo. It is worth noting, too, that more mundane and routine forms of physical violence plague some schools, and non-gun related violence — such as the mass stabbings at Franklin Regional High School in Murrysville, Penn.

Below are studies and articles that bring a research perspective to these issues. For more information, see other research reviews on rampage violencefirearms-related violenceglobal comparisons of firearms and homicides and the relationship between violence and psychotic behavior. Jaycox; Bradley D. Stein; Marleen Wong. Such programs can be divided into different phases: crisis intervention, early intervention, and selective interventions for longer-term recovery.

Although best practices for crisis intervention have been developed and rolled out nationally, interventions for early and longer-term recovery tend to be disseminated in a piecemeal fashion without the benefit of organized training and funding. Dissemination has most typically occurred following specific community-wide or school crises, or in inner city schools where violence exposure is endemic, articles on school violence.

Evaluations of program effectiveness have focused on the longer-term recovery interventions, and those that contain cognitive behavior elements have been the best tested to date. Future directions include research that measures educational gains, improvements in attendance, and reduction in behaviors articles on school violence with expulsion and suspension.

Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, Februarydoi: General strain theory GST and procedural justice theory suggest that when students perceive unfairness in school rules or treatment from teachers, they will be more likely to participate in violence.

GST proposes that the strength of these relationships may be reduced by social support. Data from the School Crime Supplement of the National Crime Victimization Survey show that students who perceive unfair treatment from teachers are more likely to bring a weapon to school and fight at school than are students who believe that their teachers are fair.

Students who perceive that rules are unfair are more likely to bring a weapon to school than are students who believe rules are fair. Department of Justice. JunePublication No.

NCJ Further, State laws and practices do not uniformly ensure that information on persons prohibited from possessing firearms is appropriately collected and made available for the National Instant Criminal Background Check System. The resources and accessibility of mental health services for mentally ill persons living in communities are often insufficient in providing care, privacy, and safety.

Recommendations pertinent to each of the aforementioned findings are divided into those to be implemented by State and local institutions and Articles on school violence institutions. The recommendations focus on interagency, intergovernmental, and public-private cooperation in integrating preventive and intervention services as well as information-sharing.

Attention is given to integrated planning and implementation of plans through practice and effective communication. American Behavioral Scientist, MayVol. The college shooters are bent on notoriety, but they appear less ambivalent about the attack.

This is critical because it impacts the lead-up to the shooting. Because high school shooters are looking to attract attention, they let off warning signals that could—at least potentially—enable those who are within earshot to notify authorities who can intervene.

Indeed, post- Columbine, our data Newman et al. But college shooters have no reason to let off warnings, and they generally do not. They may even delight in an interior, secretive knowledge of what is to come, while their victims are in the dark. The number of crime in school-related incidents was highest in October.

Offense records were also most likely to include the use of personal weapons hands, fists, feet, etc. Reported offenders of crime in schools were most likely year old white males articles on school violence the victims reportedly knew; however, there was nearly an equally large number of year old reported offenders.

Arrestees had similar characteristics to the reported offenders, most likely being reported as year old white non-Hispanic males who were residents of the community of the school location where the incident was reported, articles on school violence.

Journal of School Violence, JulyVol. It is hoped that the information contained in this article will complement and add to existing crisis response models and published guidelines while perhaps filling in some gaps.

Following is a summary of important considerations…. Crisis preparedness is key to an effective response. Schools and districts must have crisis teams and crisis plans in place.

All crisis responders on these teams need training in school-based crisis response. In addition, each team should know what additional articles on school violence are available in their respective articles on school violence. Crisis plans ought to include potential reunification and safe haven sites, means for monitoring and following up with impacted individuals, and steps for evaluating the response….

Education TheoryJulyVol. Such an approach might with time not only lead to a better understanding of the cause of school shootings, it may also suggest ways of dealing with school shootings that involve the construction of counterrituals that offer alternative solutions to the ritual problem. These proposals are mostly exploratory and conjectural in nature, but they at least seem worthy of more extended consideration. Articles on school violence Behavioral Scientist, articles on school violence, JuneVol.

The outstanding question, however, concerns the effectiveness of these policy decisions. It is unclear whether these security measures work and to what extent they might generate negative consequences for students and schools… To more effectively respond to events like Columbine, school administrators and public officials should have a better appreciation for public reactions to highly publicized acts of extreme violence, especially with regard to increased fear and risk assessment.

In this situation, better communication may be needed to express convincingly that effective policies might not embody the most visible changes. In addition, officials need information about the actual costs and benefits of a policy so that informed decisions can be made. Although such incidents are rare, they do occur. School administrators and other public officials must be able to quickly respond in an appropriate manner and not misdirect scarce resources from effective remedies.

This article examines the cases of 10 rampage school-shooters in an effort to find out not only how they are alike, but also how they differ. Based on available information, these youths are categorized into three types: traumatized, psychotic, and psychopathic.

Out of the 10 shooters discussed, three were traumatized, five were psychotic, and two were psychopathic. The three traumatized shooters all came from broken homes with parental substance abuse and parental criminal behavior.

They all were physically abused and two were sexually abused outside of the home. The five psychotic shooters had schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, including schizophrenia and schizotypal personality disorder.

They all came from intact families with no history of abuse. The two psychopathic shooters were neither abused nor psychotic. They demonstrated narcissism, a lack of empathy, a lack of conscience, and sadistic behavior. Most people who are traumatized, psychotic, and psychopathic do not commit murder.

Beyond identifying the three types of rampage shooters, additional factors are explored that may have contributed to the attacks. These include family structure, role models, and peer influence. Callous and brutal, school shootings seem to make no sense. However, case comparisons and anecdotal reports are beginning to show patterns that provide clues for understanding both the individual factors motivating shooting events and the characteristics of schools where shootings have occurred.

We describe these factors and characteristics as the bases for six prevention strategies: a strengthening school attachment, b articles on school violence social aggression, c breaking down codes of silence, d establishing screening and intervention protocols for troubled and rejected students, e bolstering human and physical security, and 6 increasing communication within educational facilities and between educational facilities and local resources.

As will be discussed, articles on school violence major distinction surrounds the motivation and age of the shooter, which are important differences for consideration when fashioning appropriate steps for prevention. In addition, articles on school violence, differences in the school environment—that is, a single building versus a sprawling campus—means that a reasonable response to shootings at middle or high schools for example, lockdown may not be feasible at colleges and universities.

Thus, college administrators should not hastily adopt preventive measures simply because they appear effective at lower level schools. In fact, administrators should think very carefully before adopting many measures that are popular among colleges and universities these days, as some common strategies are not necessarily productive and may even potentially have negative consequences. Less than one year later, the Virginia legislature improved the emergency evaluation process, modified the criteria for involuntary commitment, articles on school violence, tightened procedures for mandatory outpatient treatment, and increased state funding for community mental health services.

The unanswered question, however, is whether the necessary political momentum can be sustained for the long-term investment in community services and the fundamental legal changes needed to transform a system focused on managing access to scarce hospital beds to a community-based system of accessible voluntary services.

Resource officers were on guard at Northern Illinois University and Columbine High School, but they were not able to reach the mass killers in time to avert disaster.

To this end, the focus must also be on long-term prevention techniques to ensure that students do not develop the desire to engage in a school massacre in the first place…. Our analysis suggests that incidents of multiple-victim shootings aimed at students and teachers might be deterred early on by reducing the chronic strains experienced by students who are likely to turn violent. The problem is that teachers, school psychologists, and counselors do not always react to troubled students until they become troublesome and are seen as a threat to others.

Many campuses have expanded their emergency communication systems using multiple notification routes, such as text, articles on school violence, e-mail, and phone alerts Hamblen, articles on school violence,though a recent survey of five hundred campuses using a particular emergency alert system found that only about 40 percent of students had registered for the service Mark, Other initiatives in place or under consideration include the use of campus lockdowns, increasing security personnel, student profiling, and allowing students, faculty, and staff to carry concealed firearms on campus Fox, As Fox notes, however, these responses may not be consistent with articles on school violence actual threat to members of the university community and they may have detrimental consequences for the life of college campuses.

Instead of making students feel safer about their surroundings, these new policies may, articles on school violence fact, make students more fearful and less engaged in their college campuses.

It is unclear whether the trend in campus shootings will continue to increase, level off, or decline, but clearly research on the effects of campus shootings is warranted.

Journal of AdolescenceOctober34 5 Data come from a randomly sampled survey conducted in of over 1, high school students in Boston, MA. Students substantially overestimated the percentage of their peers who carried guns; the likelihood that a respondent carried a gun was strongly associated with their perception of the level of peer gun carrying.

Most respondents believed it was easier for other youth to obtain guns than it was for them. Review of the details of both Columbine and other contemporary school shootings indicates, however, articles on school violence, that the specific gun control measures proposed in their aftermath were largely irrelevant and almost certainly could not have prevented the incidents or reduced their death tolls.

These measures included restrictions on gun shows, child access prevention laws mandating locking up guns, and bans on assault weapons. Thus, mass school shootings provided the worst possible basis for supporting gun control. The Counseling Psychologist, articles on school violence, MayVol. Seung-Hui Cho, a senior at Virginia Tech, shot 49 students and faculty, killing 32, before killing himself.

The authors are psychologists and directors of university counseling centers; they examine the many implications of this tragedy on mental health counseling.

The mental health response to a traumatized articles on school violence of families, friends, articles on school violence, colleagues, and peers is reviewed. Keywords: research roundup, crime, safety, guns, mental health, higher education, youth. We welcome feedback.


How can we stop school shootings?


articles on school violence


Jun 14,  · The horrific violence at a high school in Parkland, FL was, sadly, the eleventh school shooting of In the days that followed, there were three more school shootings in Louisiana, Ohio, and Florida. These heartbreaking incidents are the latest in what feels like a string of violent events Author: Sarah-Jane Lorenzo. Sadly, violence of one sort or another is part of many schools today. In a study of the class of , CBS News found that, while 96 percent of students felt safe in school, 53 percent said that a shooting was possible in their school. 22 percent of students knew classmates who regularly carried weapons to campus. Are student perceptions accurate? Apr 09,  · According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), % of high school students in reported being threatened or harmed with a weapon on school grounds. The National Center for Education Statistics notes that between and , there were between 14 and 34 homicides among children ages 5 to 18 at school each year. The CDC puts these levels of violence in .